36º Congresso Brasileiro de Reumatologia

Página Inicial » Inscrições Científicas » Trabalhos

Dados do Trabalho


Title

BEYOND CORTICOSTEROIDS: RISK FACTORS FOR AVASCULAR BONE NECROSIS IN PATIENTS WITH SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS

Background

Avascular necrosis (AVN) causes serious physical disability in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence and identity the predictive factors associated with symptomatic AVN in a SLE cohort.

Materials and methods

At the Lupus Clinic patients (ACR classification criteria) have been followed prospectively. AVN was recorded if patients were symptomatic and confirmed by imaging studies. To determine the prevalence and AVN predictors, a cross section design was performed. Demographics, clinical, laboratory and therapeutic variables were included as predictors. Univariate analysis were carried out on each potential predictive factor. Variables meeting p less than 0.2, or clinically regarded as important risk factors were selected for multivariable regression analysis.

Results

Among of 604 SLE patients registered in our database (93,9% female, mean age 50 years), 20 (3,4%) developed symptomatic AVN. Univariate analysis identified nephrotic syndrome (p=0,007, OR 3,75; CI: 1,34 – 10,48), proteinuria (p=0,001, OR 4,75, CI: 1,68 – 13,39), seizure (p=0,022, OR 3,51;CI: 1,11 – 11,04), corticosteroid dose greater than 20mg (p= 0,033, OR 3,55; CI: 1,02 - 12,26) and greater than 30mg (p=0,041, OR 4,12; CI: 0,94 - 17,97), IV methylprednisolone (p=0,011, OR 3,09; CI: 1,24 - 7,68 ), methotrexate in the past (p<0,01, OR 4,62; CI: 1,87 - 11,42) and azathioprine in the past (p=0,010, OR 4,9; CI: 1,85 - 12,96), anti-SM (p=0,031, OR 2,65; CI: 1,05 – 6,65) as statistically significant. We selected other variables with p value <0,20 in univariate analysis to include in the model: cyclophosphamide in the past, psychosis and chronic kidney disease. Methotrexate in the past (p=0,001, OR6,54; CI: 2,10 - 20,38), azathioprine in the past (p=0,026, OR 4,37; CI: 1,19 - 15,97) and nephrotic syndrome (p=0,048, OR4,39; CI: 1,01 - 19,11) remained as the primary predictors associated with AVN on multivariable analysis.

Conclusions

Our findings demonstrated that severe clinical manifestations of SLE were associated with the presence of AVN, probably linked to the amount of the corticosteroids required. Azathioprine and methotrexate came out as variables related with this condition. At this point, it’s not clear if that’s something related with the drug itself or the requirement for additional corticosteroids associated with these immunosuppressants.

Área

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Autores

Larissa de Barros Oliveira, Adib Chicre Mansur Neto, Mauro Goldfarb, Marilena Leal Mesquita Silvestre Fernandes, Adriana Danowski